To examine serum undercarboxylated osteocalcin (OC) with application of an ELISA in normal women and in osteoporotic patients with vertebral fractures or hip fractures, and to investigate the effects of vitamin K and/or D treatment on undercarboxylated OC and intact OC in vertebral fractures.
They were 43 premenopausal (PRE) and 48 postmenopausal healthy females (POST), 89 osteoporotic patients with vertebral fractures (VX) and, 24 patients with hip fracture (HX).
Intact OC was measured by an IRMA and undercarboxylated OC was measured by an ELISA.
Intact osteocalcin was significantly higher in POST and VX than in PRE, and was significantly lower in HX than in POST and VX. Undercarboxylated OC tended to be higher in POST, VX and HX than in PRE, but not significantly. The ratio of undercarboxylated OC to intact OC was significantly higher in HX than in POST and in VX. After 4 weeks treatment with K, D, and K + D to 56 VX, undercarboxylated OC decreased significantly in the groups with K and K + D. Intact OC tended to increase slightly in the groups given K, D, K + D, but not significantly so. Vitamin K and vitamin K + D markedly decreased the ratio of undercarboxylated/intact OC to approximately 80%. On the other hand, vitamin D did not decrease that ratio.
There was a disproportion of undercarboxylated osteocalcin to intact osteocalcin between postmenopausal women and osteoporotic patients with vertebral fractures or hip fractures. Vitamin K did decrease undercarboxylated osteocalcin, vitamin D did not change undercarboxylated osteocalcin, and vitamin D did not enhance the effect of vitamin K on undercarboxylated osteocalcin.
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